By Dillon B. (Additional writing by Ryan O.)
Recessed can, or “cannister” lights not only add more brightness to a room but also add a high-end look to your kitchen. This DIY project will involve equal amounts of planning and execution, with a little bit of help from a friend to get your kitchen to light up!
• Recessed lights
• Cordless drill
• Drywall handsaw
• Chalk line
• Recessed light hole saw drill bit
• Wire Strippers
• Romex wire
1. Layout and measure first
When you look at the floor plan of the room, keep in mind that for best appearances, keep lights about 24 to 36 inches away from the wall to prevent shadows. Keep track of this measurement; we’ll call this “A.”
What’s the best distance between lights? Dillon recommends finding that distance by dividing the height of the room, from floor to ceiling, by 2 to get the result. In this case, the height of the room is 8 feet, so half of this is 4 feet. Keep track of this measurement, too, and we’ll call this “B.”
Not only will this distance keep these lighting fixture looking uniform without being bunched up in one area of the ceiling, but it will evenly distribute the lighting through your room.
Based on this information, we now have a lighting grid in our plans that looks like this:
2. Snap chalk line
Using a chalk line, recreate the mapped grid on the ceiling (Ryan, I would suggest adding an image of our architectural plans to show our layout). You may want assistance and a couple of ladders. Be mindful when snapping the chalk lines onto the ceiling; chalk lines are difficult to undo.
However, we have a system to help you keep this all straight. This is why you need to find the first light and the last light of the row in the previous step and the measurements we asked you to track earlier.
On the grid, the first light is going to be “A” inches from the wall. Mark this on the ceiling.
The final light position in the same row is “B” inches multiplied by the number of gaps between lights. In our case, there are 4 lights in the row, so three gaps between those lights. So using a bit of math, our “B” measurement is 4 feet, so 4 feet x 3 gaps = 12 feet.
Mark the point of the last light. Take the chalk line reel and snap it against the ceiling to mark a straight line on the ceiling.
Continue and mark all the different rows and columns until you form a grid for your light positions.
3. Drill holes into each intersecting chalk lines using a recessed light hole saw bit.
Use a recessed light hole saw drill bit and adjust the size to fit the size of the housing. For this installation, these are 4-inch cans but the housing unit is 5 inches. So we will adjust the drill bit for 5 inches.
Line up the drill against the intersection. The drill bit will take care of the rest and create an appropriately-sized opening for your lights.
4. Daisy chain lighting technique
For our lights, we decided to connect our lights in a daisy chain because we want all of these lights will turn on simultaneously at the flip of a single light switch.
This means that the power source or junction box will be wired to the first light, then a wire connects from the first to the second light, then a wire connects from the second to third light and so on and so forth.
There is no need to loop the final light back to the power source. As long as all the lights are connected to each other, the power will reach all of them.
5. Connect the wiring
From the power source, attach the romex wire to the metal casing of each recessed light with combination clamp connector.
Strip the casing from the wires with a wire stripper and connect the wires to their corresponding colors: Connect black wires together (power), connect white wires together (neutral) and connect copper/orange wires together (protective ground).
6. Secure the recessed lighting fixture into its place.
If necessary, alter or adjust the hole of the housing using a drywall saw so that it fits snugly into the hole. Also if necessary, move out any insulation or other impediments out of the way.
On the sides of the recessed lighting fixture, there are gray tabs that you press so that the fixture adheres to the drywall in the ceiling. You may need to use a hammer and a flathead screwdriver to secure those tabs. Make sure that the fixture is flush with the ceiling.
Repeat for each lighting fixture in your grid.
7. Plug in the trim and the light.
Screw the socket adapter, which is included with your can, into the housing. Then attach the trim with the light in it that cleans up the look of the housing by the metal clips.
Repeat for each recessed can fixture and your project is complete!
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